精品推荐—夏马首玉刀
分类:台州社会 热度:

我国的玉文化源远流长,早在新石器时代就加工玉器以为礼仪祭祀、生产生活之用。北方的红山文化玉器,南方的良渚文化、凌家滩文化玉器都有着丰富的文化内涵,不仅器类繁多,形制规整,而且有着精湛的加工工艺,令人叹为观止。进入阶级社会的夏、商、周阶段,玉器更为上层社会所重视,甚至成为贵族身份、地位的标识之一。汉代以后,玉器在人们的日常生活中也依然占有重要地位。可以说对玉器的喜爱,从古至今,一脉相承,从未间断。对玉器的收藏、研究也始终与之相伴,历来为人们所重视。

玉刀脱胎于石刀,以长方形多孔形制较为常见,目前见于报告的属于新石器时代以及夏代的玉刀多为这种。玉刀作为礼仪用器,盛行于夏代的二里头文化,它既是权力的象征,同时也象征着收割。礼器是在祭祀、宴享、外交、军旅等礼仪活动中使用,并被赋予了特殊意义的器物,所谓藏礼于器。玉作为礼器的玉刀,形状大致有两种,一种是扁平的长方形,一侧为刀背,一侧为刀刃;另一种则做成了带柄的形状。玉刀中常见的纹饰有直线交叉形成的网纹以及代表某种象征意义的人面或兽面纹。比较精致的还刻有花纹或者镶嵌有 玉石之类的装饰品。商代中晚期的玉刀多为佩玉,略呈弧形,装饰华丽,刀背装饰有连续排列的凸齿,刀面有复杂的装饰纹。

此枚玉刀符合夏朝二里头文化,玉料呈墨绿色,局部有黄色沁。此玉刀一共有十二把,刀头雕刻有十二生肖的兽首,此枚为马首玉刀。整体造型扁长,前窄后宽。柄部有窄渐宽,尾部尖收。通体温润细腻,素雅古拙。经过数千年的岁月洗礼,玉刀雕刻线条依旧清晰可见,马首栩栩如生,浑然天成,刀柄图形优美圆润,为世间难得一见之珍品,极具收藏价值和文化研究价值。

The jade culture in our country has a long history. As early as the Neolithic Age, jade articles were processed for ritual sacrifice, production and living. Jade wares of Hongshan culture in the north, Liangzhu culture in the south and Lingjiatan culture all have rich cultural connotations. They are not only of various types and regular shapes, but also have exquisite processing techniques, which are amazing. Entering the Xia, Shang and Zhou phases of the class society, jade wares were paid more attention to by the upper class society and even became one of the symbols of aristocratic status. After Han Dynasty, jade wares still occupied an important position in people's daily life. It can be said that the love for jade wares has been in the same strain from ancient times till now and has never stopped. The collection and research of jade wares have always been accompanied by it and have always been valued by people.

Jade Dao was born out of stone Dao. Rectangular and porous shape is more common. At present, most jade Dao reported belong to Neolithic Age and Xia Dynasty. Jade Dao, as a ceremonial tool, was popular in Erlitou culture in the Xia Dynasty. It is not only a symbol of power but also a symbol of harvest. Ritual utensils are used in ritual activities such as sacrifice, banquet, diplomacy and military service, and are endowed with special meaning. The so-called ritual objects are hidden in utensils. Jade as a ritual jade knife, there are roughly two shapes, one is a flat rectangle, one side is the back of the knife, one side is the blade; The other is made in the shape of a handle. The common decorative patterns in jade knives include reticulate patterns formed by straight lines crossing and human or animal facial patterns representing some symbolic meaning. The more delicate ones are also engraved with decorative patterns or inlaid with jade and other decorations. Jade knives in the middle and late Shang Dynasty were mostly pewter, slightly curved and ornate. The back of the knife was decorated with continuous convex teeth and the surface of the knife had complex decorative patterns.

This jade knife conforms to Erlitou culture of Xia Dynasty. The jade material is dark green with yellow ooze in some parts. There are a total of 12 jade knives. The head of the knife is carved with the animal head of the 12 zodiac animals. This is a horse head jade knife. The overall shape is flat and long with narrow front and wide back. The handle has a narrow width and a sharp tail. The whole body is warm, moist, delicate and elegant. After thousands of years of baptism, the carved lines of the jade knife are still clearly visible, the horse head is lifelike and natural, and the handle figure is graceful and round. It is a rare treasure in the world and has great collection value and cultural research value.

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